Blockchain Strategy – Empowering EU Startups in the Digital Revolution


In today’s digital era, blockchain technology has emerged as a game-changer, offering immense possibilities for innovation and disruption. The European Union (EU) recognizes the transformative power of blockchain and aims to position itself as a leader in this domain. With a comprehensive blockchain strategy, the EU seeks to foster an environment that nurtures blockchain innovation, attracts startups, and establishes itself as a home for significant blockchain platforms, applications, and companies. This article delves into the EU’s blockchain strategy, its key elements, and the implications for EU startups in this dynamic landscape.

Key Takeaways:

  • The EU is committed to becoming a leader in blockchain technology and creating a conducive ecosystem for startups in this field.
  • The EU’s blockchain strategy focuses on environmental sustainability, data protection, digital identity, cybersecurity, and interoperability.
  • The European Blockchain Partnership and the European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI) play a crucial role in building a pan-European public services blockchain.
  • Legal certainty is a priority for the EU, with efforts underway to develop a pro-innovation legal framework for digital assets and smart contracts.
  • The EU provides funding for blockchain research, innovation, and startups through grants and investment funds.
  • Blockchain is seen as a tool for promoting sustainability and supporting initiatives like the European Green New Deal.
  • Interoperability and standards are key considerations, with the EU actively engaging with relevant international bodies and associations.
  • Skills development in blockchain is supported through initiatives like the Digital Europe Programme and the CHAISE project.
  • The EU engages with the blockchain community through INATBA and the European Blockchain Observatory and Forum.
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Building a Pan-European Public Services Blockchain

A significant aspect of the EU’s blockchain strategy is the establishment of a pan-European public services blockchain. The European Blockchain Partnership brings together all EU countries, Norway, Liechtenstein, and the European Commission to create the European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI). This infrastructure aims to provide a trusted and interoperable platform for public sector applications. With plans for integration with private sector platforms, the EBSI is set to revolutionize public services by leveraging blockchain technology.

Legal Certainty and Pro-Innovation Frameworks

Recognizing the importance of legal certainty, the EU is actively working on a regulatory framework for blockchain-based applications. The goal is to provide a supportive environment for innovation while ensuring consumer protection and legal clarity. The EU has proposed regulations for digital assets, including tokenization, and smart contracts. The objective is to harmonize regulations across the EU and avoid fragmentation, fostering a pan-European approach to blockchain innovation.

Funding Blockchain Research and Innovation

The EU recognizes the significance of funding in driving blockchain research and innovation. Through programs like Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe, the EU provides grants to support blockchain projects and startups. In addition, the new artificial intelligence (AI) and blockchain investment fund focus on investing in venture capital funds targeting AI and blockchain startups and early-stage ventures. These funding initiatives aim to propel the growth of blockchain startups and nurture a thriving ecosystem in the EU.

Blockchain for Sustainability and the European Green New Deal

Sustainability is a key focus area for the EU’s blockchain strategy. Blockchain technology is seen as a powerful enabler in fostering sustainable economic development and addressing climate change. By leveraging blockchain’s transparency and traceability, the EU aims to support initiatives aligned with the European Green New Deal. Blockchain can facilitate the tracking and verification of sustainable practices, enabling a more eco-friendly and transparent supply chain.

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Interoperability, Standards, and Engaging the Community

Interoperability is crucial for the widespread adoption of blockchain technology. The EU actively participates in international bodies and associations to contribute to the development of blockchain standards. Collaborations with organizations like ISOTC 307, ETSI ISG PDL, CEN-CENELEC JTC19, and INATBA aim to promote interoperability and ensure a consistent regulatory framework.

Furthermore, the EU engages with the blockchain community through INATBA and the European Blockchain Observatory and Forum. These platforms facilitate collaboration, knowledge-sharing, and dialogue between the public and private sectors, academia, and other stakeholders. By actively involving the community, the EU seeks to create an inclusive and vibrant blockchain ecosystem.

Driving Skills Development in Blockchain

To meet the growing demand for blockchain skills, the EU has initiatives focused on skills development. The Digital Europe Programme aims to enhance cooperation between member states and stakeholders in digital skills and jobs. Additionally, the CHAISE project, funded by the Erasmus+ program, addresses blockchain skill shortages by developing a strategic approach to blockchain skills development and delivering training solutions.


The EU’s blockchain strategy reflects its ambition to be at the forefront of blockchain innovation and create a thriving ecosystem for startups. By prioritizing environmental sustainability, legal certainty, funding, interoperability, and skills development, the EU paves the way for EU startups to harness the potential of blockchain technology. As blockchain continues to disrupt industries and reshape business models, the EU’s strategic initiatives provide a solid foundation for startups to thrive in the digital revolution. With the EU’s support and commitment, EU startups are well-positioned to be at the forefront of blockchain innovation, driving economic growth, sustainability, and technological advancement in the European Union.

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