The Digital Services Act (DSA) – Creating a Safer and Fairer Digital Landscape for EU Startups

Analyzing the Implications and Opportunities of the Digital Services Act for European Startup Ecosystems

Key takeaways

  • The Digital Services Act (DSA) and Digital Markets Act (DMA) aim to protect users’ fundamental rights and establish a level playing field for businesses in the EU.
  • Digital services encompass a wide range of online platforms, including marketplaces, social networks, content-sharing platforms, app stores, and more.
  • The DSA addresses online intermediaries and platforms, while the DMA focuses on gatekeeper online platforms.
  • The EU recognizes the need for regulations due to concerns such as the trade of illegal goods, the spread of disinformation, and unfair conditions created by dominant platforms.
  • The DSA and DMA have been adopted by the European Parliament and Council, with the DSA already in force and the DMA coming into effect soon.
  • Online platforms will need to comply with the DSA’s obligations, including conducting risk assessments, while gatekeepers designated under the DMA will have additional obligations.
  • Impact assessments and public consultations have been conducted to gather feedback and ensure effective implementation of the DSA and DMA.


The digital revolution has transformed various aspects of our lives, offering convenience, connectivity, and access to information and services like never before. However, the rapid growth of digital services has also raised concerns about the protection of users’ rights, the spread of harmful content, and the dominance of certain platforms. To address these issues and foster a safer and fairer digital landscape, the European Union has introduced the Digital Services Act (DSA) and the Digital Markets Act (DMA).

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Understanding Digital Services and the Need for Regulation

Digital services encompass a broad range of online platforms that facilitate communication, commerce, and entertainment. From e-commerce marketplaces to social networks and content-sharing platforms, these services have become integral to our daily lives. However, the unrestricted nature of the digital ecosystem has led to the trade of illegal goods, the amplification of disinformation through manipulative algorithms, and unfair conditions for businesses and consumers.

Protecting Fundamental Rights and Ensuring Safety

The Digital Services Act primarily focuses on online intermediaries and platforms, aiming to safeguard users’ fundamental rights and establish a level playing field for businesses. The act introduces regulations to combat illegal activities, such as the sale of counterfeit goods or illegal content, and sets standards for transparency, content moderation, and user rights.

Tackling Dominance and Promoting Competition

While the DSA addresses a wide range of digital services, the DMA specifically targets gatekeeper online platforms. These platforms hold significant market power and act as bottlenecks between businesses and consumers. The DMA aims to ensure fair competition by imposing obligations on gatekeepers, such as sharing data with competitors and refraining from unfair practices that hinder innovation and limit consumer choice.

The Implications for EU Startups

The DSA and DMA present both challenges and opportunities for EU startups. On one hand, startups may face additional compliance burdens and increased competition from larger platforms. On the other hand, the regulatory framework can level the playing field, provide clearer rules for market entry, and enhance trust and user confidence in digital services. Startups can benefit from increased transparency, improved access to data, and fairer competition, which can foster innovation and growth.

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The Implementation Timeline and Compliance Obligations

The DSA has already been published in the Official Journal and came into force in November 2022. Online platforms are required to disclose their number of active users, and those exceeding a threshold of 45 million users must comply with the DSA obligations, including conducting risk assessments. Member States will also appoint Digital Services Coordinators to ensure effective implementation.

The MA was published in October 2022 and will come into effect in the coming months. Companies are required to provide user information to the European Commission, which will designate gatekeepers. Gatekeepers will have specific obligations to promote competition and prevent unfair practices.

Impact Assessments and Public Consultations

To ensure the effectiveness and relevance of the DSA and DMA, impact assessments and public consultations have been conducted. These processes allow stakeholders to provide feedback, share insights, and contribute to the development of the regulatory framework. The EU aims to strike a balance between robust regulation and enabling innovation, and these assessments and consultations play a crucial role in shaping the final rules.


The Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act mark a significant step towards creating a safer and fairer digital space for EU startups and users. By addressing concerns such as the trade of illegal goods, disinformation, and unfair conditions, the EU aims to protect users’ fundamental rights and foster innovation, growth, and competitiveness. While startups may face challenges, the regulatory framework provides opportunities for increased transparency, fair competition, and improved user trust, ultimately benefiting the EU startup ecosystem as a whole.

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As the DSA and DMA continue to be implemented, it is vital for startups and stakeholders to stay informed, engage in compliance efforts, and actively participate in ongoing discussions to shape the digital landscape of the future. The EU’s commitment to striking the right balance between regulation and innovation will play a crucial role in driving the growth and success of European startups in the digital era.

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